training crate (or "cage" or "kennel") is made of metal
wire that allows your dog to view the world, without giving
him the ability to roam. You should buy a crate large enough
for your dog when full-grown. Partition it off to fit your
new puppy, and move the partitions as he grows.
the wire type of crate should be used for training and general
use. The travel/carrier type of crate has three almost-solid
walls, very limited visibility, and is built for security
and comfort during transportation. If used for training
or general confinement, a travel/carrier becomes a claustrophobic
use your dog’s crate as a punishment. When your dog
is successfully housebroken and past the chewing stage,
leave the crate open; your dog will love to use it as a
refuge and retreat.
training crate is invaluable for easily housebreaking your
puppy. Partition off a section of the crate just large
enough for you puppy to stand up, turn around, and lie down.
Until your puppy is fully housebroken, do not line the bottom
of the crate with towels or blankets. Your dog does not
want to sleep where he goes to the bathroom, so he will
hold his bladder and bowels as long as physically possible.
If he can push soiled towels aside to stay clean, he will
not learn to wait. It is your responsibility to
walk your dog at reasonable intervals so he can be effectively
housebroken. If your puppy does have an accident, it
is because you did not live up to your responsibility, or
you were not attentive to his needs.
up a housebreaking schedule for your puppy, depending
upon the schedule in your household. Adhere to the routine,
religiously, until your puppy is fully housebroken. The
following tips are a basis on which to formulate a housebreaking
schedule that will fit your household’s needs:
not feed your puppy any meals or snacks while he is in the
crate. You may place a few sturdy, non-swallowable toys
in the crate.
you wake up, first thing every morning, take your puppy
out of the crate and carry him to your selected 10’ X 10’
area outside your house. After an entire night of waiting,
your puppy will need to relieve himself as soon as possible.
same 10’ X 10’ area should be used consistently,
every day. It will become the area that your dog associates
with relieving himself. Also, repeat the same words
whenever you take your puppy out to relieve himself to develop
a word association with going to the bathroom.
not play with your puppy during bathroom time; he has business
to do and should not be distracted. After he has relieved
himself, praise him lavishly, soothingly, verbally.
inside, your puppy should be fed breakfast. Soon after finishing
the meal, your puppy should be walked again.
your puppy is in the house, he should be in the crate. You
can take your puppy out to play, but always walk him
first, to reduce the chance of an accident.
length of playing time should be very short at first, about
15 minutes. As your puppy gets older, his play time is increased.
your puppy has an accident, immediately take the puppy outside
to the selected spot. NEVER HIT YOUR DOG. NEVER YELL
AT YOUR DOG. NEVER SHOW ANGER OR DISPLEASURE.
anyone is scheduled to come home from school or work, your
dog should be walked, fed, and then walked again. You
cannot walk the dog too much. Follow the same routine all
mealtimes and in-betweens: walk, feed, walk.
bedtime, your puppy should be walked, played with, and then
walked again so he can have a relaxing sleep.
to keep the time between the last nightly walk and the first
morning walk no more than five hours.
your puppy will be spending much of the time in his crate,
make sure that he gets plenty of exercise while he
is with you.
all, never get discouraged: I know training takes time,
patience, lots of love, and there are no shortcuts; The
end product is a loving, trusting, faithful friend for life,
like no other you’ll ever know.
by Neal Seaman